There are 2 main classifications of wood type, hard and soft, just because a wood is soft to touch does not mean it is a soft wood. For example balsa wood is very soft but is in fact a hardwood.
Hardwoods come from deciduous trees (such as oak, beech ash) where softwoods come from non deciduous trees (such as Scots pine, conifers and Douglas fir).
Hardwoods tend to be denser and have a higher calorific value than soft wood so for a given size a hardwood log will burn longer than a softwood log.
When buying logs hardwood logs do cost more than softwood but as they burn longer you require less of them so you need less which is useful if you have limited storage.
Most log suppliers will supply either hardwood, softwood or a mixture of the 2.
We have quite a large area for storage and I collect most of my wood from fallen trees so I end up with a mix of hard and softwoods. The most important thing is no matter whether it is a hard or softwood it must be as dry as possible to burn well.
A fresh cut “Green” log has about half the energy content of the same log once it has been fully seasoned so it is very important to season your wood properly or you will use twice as much wood for the same amount of heat.
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